Open Europe Blog

Now remember, contributions via the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) are loan guarantees, not upfront cash. But here’s the break-down of how much each EU country is on the hook for in the Cyprus bailout:

Update 05/04/2013 12.10: 
By popular request, we’ve been asked to put together a quick explainer/refresher of how this money will be provided. ESM loans do not require direct cash from countries but are based off loan guarantees which the eurozone countries give to the ESM. The ESM then issues debt on the market to raise the actual cash to provide the bailout loans. So, not extra cash contribution on the back of this bailout. That said, the ESM does require paid-in capital (€80bn), the payouts of which should have been factored into eurozone government budgets and certainly has been included in the bailed out countries. Also due to a eurostat ruling, each eurozone member’s share of ESM bailouts will not count towards its national debt. As for the IMF, the funds usually come from the IMF’s general reserve fund which countries will have already contributed their subscription (see here for more details). Again, in a sense, no new cash.

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